Web Application Development: Winter is Coming, and We are Ready!

Technology Web Development

Google Search, Gmail, Facebook messenger, banking apps. Do you know these are some of the most popular web applications?

What else comes to your mind when you think of a web application?

What about Google Docs, Pixlr, Evernote, Trello, Netflix? These are popular web apps too.

What are web applications?

Web applications are dynamic websites combined with server-side programming with features like interacting with users, connecting to back-end databases and generating results to browsers.

Before the time of DOS and Unix, computers were used for special purpose applications which were written on lower level languages that directly interact with hardware. These applications were stored in 5” or 3.5” floppy disks. Popular applications were punch card and batch processing systems.

The introduction of high-level programming languages like C and C++ revolutionized application development. This led to the birth of many operating systems that are easier to operate and more user friendly compared to the assembly programs.

Trivia: Majority of Windows OS components are developed in C and C++ including Windows 10.

With time there came Graphic User Interface (GUI), and Windows 95 pushed the GUI components to computers. Windows 95 and 98 were extremely popular GUI-based operating systems which made computers approachable to the common man.

Presently, web application development companies ride on fresh ideas, innovations and new developments like Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Blockchain and Cryptocurrency, and these have already started influencing the global economy.

Let’s take a look at the new trends that drive Web Application Development Companies.

New Trends in Web Application Development

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

AI is the intelligence displayed by machines to simulate human intelligence. These processes include learning, reasoning and self-correction. From Alexa to self-driving cars, AI is penetrating our everyday life. We are familiar with Hollywood movie robots with human-like characteristics, but in reality AI is far more reaching and all-encompassing from search algorithms to IBM’s Watson to satellite-guided weaponry.

Currently, AI is mostly designed to perform a narrow task, i.e., facial recognition or driving a car. But the long-term goal of AI research globally is to create machines that would outperform humans at nearly every cognitive task.

Another area where AI is prevalent now is the chatbot or virtual assistant (like Alexa, Siri and Cortana) which is transforming business engagement and social interaction. This enhances digital customer experience and consistency across voice, chat, messaging and websites.

And we have Sophia, who is the personification of our dreams for the future of AI and is an agent for exploring human-robot experience in service and entertainment applications. It uses artificial intelligence, visual data processing and facial recognition as its core engines. To a large extend, it is successful in stimulating human empathy and demonstrate common sense.

The intent of integrating AI with web development is to provide users with a new enhanced web experience. With more and more personalized solutions in demand, Web Application Development Companies are driven to adopt AI in their website development and experience.

JavaScript

According to the Stack Overflow Report 2018, JavaScript is the most popular language for the last 7 years, and it continues to steal the spotlight. The way it has evolved in terms of its frameworks, designs and libraries keeps it in the position of “a developer’s delight”. It has such a rich ecosystem that it fulfills your project needs, whatever the project is, and saves your time and money.

JavaScript evolved into this giant powerful platform by introducing various frameworks that have become strong influencers over Web market.

Let’s look at some of the different frameworks of JavaScript.

Frontend Development Frameworks: React, Vue, Angular.

Data Layer Frameworks: Redux, GraphQL, Apollo.

Backend Frameworks: Express, Meteor.

JavaScript frameworks enable a richer level of interaction. Web applications are becoming more like native applications, demanding a change in the developer’s strategy. The shift is essentially from the server-side to the client-side. Faster JavaScript engines like Chrome V8 and the corresponding frameworks help move the focus to the client-side browser thus enabling better visualization and data analysis in real time.

Progressive Web Apps

Progressive web apps (PWA) provide an app-like experience on desktop and mobile devices that are delivered directly via the web. They are web apps that are fast and reliable, and they work in any browser.

But the best part is that you will be able to browse the content even when you don’t have internet. You have offline access to the app. Awesome, isn’t it?

With the PWA, the experience is so uniform and seamless that the user is unable to tell the difference between the web app and a native mobile app.

PWA is user friendly, installable and hassle-free. Its service workers and other built-in features are out to enhance web technologies. It can be shared via URL and can re-engage users with web push notifications.

Single Page Application

Single Page Application (SPA) is a web application or website that interacts with the user by rewriting the current page instead of loading entire new pages from a server.

Sometimes in the development world, names are not well chosen which leads to a lot of confusion. This is certainly not the case with SPA – a single page application actually has only one page!!

This approach allows the user to continue interacting with the page while new elements are being fetched which results in faster interaction and content loading.

Applications such as Google Maps make extensive use of SPA to provide real-time view changes as you scroll from one place to another. Real time updates, notifications, and data streaming require the use of such an approach to work seamlessly.

SPA is extensively used in building responsive websites and supporting mobile and desktop apps. Recent developments on SPA are based on React and Angular frameworks that makes it suitable to develop hybrid apps.

Motion User Interface

At the I/O Conference 2018, Google announced that motion language will be standardized across Google’s product line. And all eyes now are on Motion UI.

For every motion inside an app, there’s a story that follows. Motion UI is an important element in the interface design and it is starting to drive the entire UI.

Only when you see all the components in motion, the interface will make sense. Motion helps users navigate an app by animating the relationship between UI elements. Motion also adds character to an app with animated icons, logos and illustrations with usability as the priority element.

So, what is Motion UI?

Motion UI is a sustainable library that allows smooth transition effects on the user interface. It enables the developers, even the ones without a solid foundation in JavaScript, to animate content easily. It enhances a developer’s ability to tell a visual story while communicating to the user.

Motion UI has become one of the most popular tools for web application development.

Web Application Security

Introduction of Web 2.0 and HTML 5 web apps has changed customer expectations, and they want to access data from anywhere 24/7. Thus businesses are making data available via web applications. Just look at the online banking systems and online shopping websites and you will understand how omnipresent such web apps are.

With such convenience and abundance of data, comes malicious hackers and scammers. Web apps have become the target for stealing data which brings up the idea of Web Application Security.

Websites and web applications have to be accessed from any place by everyone. Network firewalls are not equipped to analyze web traffic sent to and from the web apps thus failing to block any malicious requests and vulnerabilities like SQL injection or cross-site scripting.

As more companies are moving their websites and apps to the cloud, web application security is getting more crucial and complex. Cloud-based security technologies and web-based firewalls are gaining intense attention and has become an essential part of web application development.

Web Application Development Leads the Way

What we do on the Web changes every day. There are a lot of changes visible now and moving forward we can only expect monumental changes in web development creating more communicative and responsive web apps. The presence of JavaScript frameworks like Node.JS and React.JS are already enhancing the quality of web applications and is heavily demanding from a user perspective.

At Spericorn, our team of web application developers and JavaScript programmers are doing a hell lot of brainstorming for their next web application development project. There’s another team of developers thinking of designing a website using AI. Their idea is to replace a designer with an algorithm-driven design module which can design a web app without having to touch any code.

Next generation websites and web applications are already at the horizon. As a web application development company, Spericorn is born ready to welcome them. Apart from the latest web development frameworks and tools, our excitement and the unquenchable thirst to learn set us apart from any other player.

Are you game?